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target="_blank">电气百科</a> >> <span>正文</span></div> <!-- main_content begin--> <div id="jvj4gy5l4dy" class="maincontent"> <!-- left begin --> <div id="jvj4gy5l4dy" class="news_left"> <div id="jvj4gy5l4dy" class="brand_news_details"> <h1>电气百科:「涨知识」触电伤亡是因为高电压还是高电流?/h1><table style="border-bottom:1px dotted #e4e4e4;" align="center"><tr><td><div id="jvj4gy5l4dy" class="news_mes">文章来源:张工注册电气工程师 作者:??点击?span id="HitNum"></span>?时间?span id="dTime">2020/1/7 16:25:22</span><input type="hidden" id="ID" value="100909153"/><input type="hidden" id="TypeID" value="2"/></div> </td> <td><div id="ckepop"></div></td></tr></table><div id="Content" style="display:none;">[电气百科:「涨知识」触电伤亡是因为高电压还是高电流?]:我们都知道要远离高电压,因为高电压对人来说是危险的,这是一个常识。触摸到高电压的东西,人就会发生危险,严重的可导致死亡。但触电伤亡是因为高电压的缘故还是高电流的缘故呢?、人触电伤亡的原因是电压,这?..</div><div id="jvj4gy5l4dy" class="brand_news_con"><p style="text-indent:2em;"> 我们都知道要远离高电压,因为高电压对人来说是危险的,这是一个常识。触摸到高电压的东西,人就会发生危险,严重的可导致死亡?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;">pk10全天人工计划网 但触电伤亡是因为高电压的缘故还是高电流的缘故呢? </p> <p style="text-align:center;text-indent:2em;"> <img src="http://oss.yxbest.cn/kindeditor/img/20200107/20200107162355_1669.png" alt="" /> </p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> <br /> </p> <p style="text-indent:2em;">pk10全天人工计划网 1、人触电伤亡的原因是电压,这种看法是人们对于触电的一个误区,并没有真正理解人体触电的本质。人体触电发生事故是因为人体的生理机制被破坏,不能正常工作了,最后导致人发生危险。这里面起决定性作用的是电流而不是电压,正是因为非安全电流持续作用于人体,导致人体各器官的功能被损坏。电压只是一个外部现象,真正的始作俑者是电流?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 2、我们有时可以看到电力工人在检修线路时,某些情况下是带电检修的,带电检修可以在不影响线路的用电情况下将损坏的部件等换下来。虽然检修工人穿着绝缘服装,但是绝缘服也是有一定的电压限制的,当外部电压达到很高的时候,绝缘服很难保证检修工人的安全?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> <span>这时候检修工人要强迫性地使自己身体的电压达到与检修电路同等电位,此时检修工人身上的电压就很大了,可能达到几万伏。即使是几万伏的高压,电力工人却是安全的,这就说明高电压对人是没有直接伤害的?/span> </p> <p style="text-indent:2em;">pk10全天人工计划网 不过这需要很高的技术和一定的条件:首先在使身上带有高电压之前,身上的电位是很低的,甚至是和大地同等电位,要想带上那么高的电压,是有关键技术的,具体细节小编就不是很懂了;再者就是当电力工人带上那么高的电位后,是绝不会和其它地上的事物有接触的,一旦接触了就会发生危险。举这个例子就是说明高电压不是导致人触电的根本原因?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;">pk10全天人工计划网 3、但这里也要强调一下,高电压虽然不是造成事故的根本原因,但是并不是说明高电压不危险,伙伴们可千万不要学习电力工人那样触摸高电压,你的技术和条件满足不了触摸高电压的条件?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;">pk10全天人工计划网 所以说,无论电压还是电流,我们都要重视。尤其是电流,很多时候它才是造成事故的罪魁祸首。我们常听说安全电压?6V,就被简单的认为只要低于36V,就是安全的,这种想法是错误的?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> <span>低于36V的时候,人也会发生触电事故。这个所说的36V是一般情况下,而且是在干燥的环境中。在干燥的环境中,人体的电阻?000~2000Ω,在这种情况下,流过人体的电流在短时间内不会立刻造成人伤亡,但是如果长期接触36V电压而没有断开,人迟早是要发生事故的。我们国家不仅规定了36V,其实还有比36V更小的电压,规定中最小的可以小到6V,这种是人长时间接触情况下,也就是说?V以上并长时间接触,人也是有危险的?/span> </p> <p style="text-indent:2em;">pk10全天人工计划网 以下有个表格,可以参考一下: </p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> <span>所以说,即使电压不大,当人身体的电阻比较小时,在人身上也会产生对人体安全造成巨大损伤的电流。只要有一定强度的电流,持续不断的经过人的身体,就会对人体的生理机能造成损坏?/span> </p> <p style="text-indent:2em;">pk10全天人工计划网 没事别以为电压小,就肆无忌惮的触摸,长时间的接触会对你身体造成损害,这是因为你身体中有了一定强度的电流,如果此时你的身体电阻较小,电流就会出奇的大,即使是电压不大,这时候也会有危险?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;">pk10全天人工计划网 4、人体对电流的反? </p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 8-10mA 手摆脱电极已感到困难,有剧痛感(手指关节). </p> <p style="text-indent:2em;">pk10全天人工计划网 20-25mA 手迅速麻?不能自动摆脱电极,呼吸困难. </p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 50-80mA 呼吸困难,心房开始震? </p> <p style="text-indent:2em;">pk10全天人工计划网 90-100mA 呼吸麻痹,三秒钟后心脏开始麻?停止跳动?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 生活中要多加注意,防范高电压,更要防范小电压产生的大电流。(电流=电压÷电阻,自己可以计算一下) </p></div><div id="jvj4gy5l4dy" class="meneame"><span class="disabled">< </span><span class="current">1</span> <span class="disabled">> </span></div> <div id="jvj4gy5l4dy" style="text-align: center;padding-top: 10px;"><img src="/images/code.jpg" alt="关注有惊?" /></div> <div id="jvj4gy5l4dy" class="news_bot_mes">中国工业电器网:此内容转载于合作媒体或互联网其它网站,中国工业电器网登载此文出于传递更多信息之目的,并不意味着赞同其观点或证实其描述!</br>新闻、技术文章投稿QQ?28246603 邮箱:news@yxbest.cn</div> <h2 class="related">相关阅读</h2> <ul class="related_con"> <li>· <a href="/text/32/200113/AD100909313_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:MLW3300涡流一体化传感?/a></li><li>· <a href="/text/32/200113/AD100909312_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科?000V及以下高压电机绕组匝</a></li><li>· <a href="/text/32/200113/AD100909311_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:HZD-B-4一体化振动传感?/a></li><li>· <a 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